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Ma'amoulDates are a wonderful ingredient for baking. With their natural sweetness, you scarcely have to add any additional sugar to recipes that feature them, such as these ma’amoul.

Ma'amoul with Date FillingI learned how to make ma’amoul at the same time I discovered malabi, while researching my food theory presentation on Israeli cuisine at George Brown Chef School this past spring.

Mash the dates

Ingredients for the date fillingMa’amoul are seen in many Middle Eastern cultures. They are small, highly decorative cookies, which are kept on hand to serve to guests or made for special occasions like weddings. They are usually made with semolina flour, and have a soft, crumbly texture similar to shortbread. The dough can enclose either a nut or date filling, but I like the date ones best.

Enclose the filling in the doughPinch to sealMolding ma'amoulTraditionally, ma’amoul are shaped in carved wooden molds to create attractive patterns on the cookies, and I’m lucky to have a wooden butter mold that is just the right size.

Press to emboss UnmoldHowever, I find that the impressions in my mold are too shallow to make a very striking presentation, and prefer the less sophisticated, but more noticeable, method of grooving the sides of the cookies with a fork.

Decorative fork workThe date filling in my version of ma’amoul is scented with cinnamon and orange blossom water, which gives the cookies an exotic, delicately perfumed flavour. There is no sugar in the filling. The dough itself has only 6 tablespoons in it (and this is a recipe for fifty cookies), and there’s also a light dusting of powdered sugar on the outside. So if you’re looking for a cookie without a lot of refined sweetening, ma’amoul is a good choice.

Warm ma'amoulAs a matter of fact, the original recipe from The Book of New Israeli Food called for even less sugar than this version, but my Western taste buds needed a bit more sweetness in a cookie.

Baker's SnowstormThe dough for these cookies is a little tricky to work with: it’s very soft and somewhat inclined to crumble when you try to flatten it into rounds. But it doesn’t really matter if the dough does crack when you wrap it around the filling: just pinch it back together. No one will be able to tell anyway, since you’re going to be either pressing the cookie into a mold or scoring it with a fork later on.

A Tray of Ma'amoulThe semolina flour is what makes the dough so delicate: ma’amoul made entirely with semolina flour (which these are not) are the most prized, as they can only be made by the most skilled bakers.

One-Ingredient-Dates-1024x848Still, I think these are a good start. They are my contribution to the One Ingredient challenge hosted by Laura of How To Cook Good Food and Nazima of Franglais Kitchen. The ingredient for December was dates.

Date-and-Semolina CookiesMa’amoul

Adapted from The Book of New Israeli Food by Janna Gur


For the filling:
500 g. (1 lb. 2 oz.) pitted dates
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
5 drops orange blossom water
200 g. (7 oz.) unsalted butter, at room temperature
For the dough:
560 g. (3 ⅓ cups) bread flour
100 g. (1/2 cup plus 2 tablespoons) semolina flour
10 g. (2 teaspoons) baking powder
75 g. (6 tablespoons) granulated sugar
200 g. (7 oz.) unsalted butter, at room temperature
½ cup oil
5 drops orange blossom water
Powdered sugar for dusting


  1. For the filling, finely dice the dates, and then use the side of the knife blade to mash them into a smooth paste. Alternatively, use a food processor to puree the dates.
  2. Place the dates in a small bowl and add the cinnamon, orange blossom water, and softened butter. Beat to combine. Set the filling aside.
  3. To make the dough, measure the bread flour, semolina, baking powder, and granulated sugar into the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment. Briefly run the machine on low speed to stir together the dry ingredients.
  4. Add the butter, oil, and orange blossom water, and mix on low speed until the liquid is incorporated; then, raise the speed to medium and mix until a soft dough forms.
  5. Preheat the oven to 350°F and line two sheet pans with parchment paper.
  6. To shape the ma’amoul, measure out a heaping tablespoonful of the dough and flatten it into a thin round. Take two teaspoons of the date filling and roll it into a ball between the palms of your hands.
  7. Place the ball of filling in the center of the dough round, bring the edges of the dough up around the filling, and pinch to seal. Roll the shaped cookie in your hands to form it into a smooth ball.
  8. If you have a suitably sized carved wooden mold, press the shaped cookie into the mold to impress the pattern onto it. Sharply tap the mold on the counter to remove the cookie, and then transfer the cookie to the prepared sheet pan. If the dough sticks to the mold, dust the inside with a little flour.
  9. If you don’t have a mold, simply score the side of the cookie with the tines of a fork, starting at the base of the cookie and then drawing the fork up to the top. Repeat all the way around the cookie.
  10.  Once all the cookies have been shaped, bake them for 20 minutes, or until the edges are just beginning to turn light gold.
  11. Remove from the oven and dust with powdered sugar immediately.
  12. Let the cookies cool on the sheet pans for five minutes, and then transfer them to a wire rack to finish cooling.
  13. Store in an airtight container. If you have to stack the cookies, place sheets of parchment paper between each layer.

Yield: 50 cookies